The Ohio State Online Music Journal (OSOM) is the electronic journal of the graduate music students at The Ohio State University.

Volume 2 (2009)

Table of Contents

An Analytic Method for Atonal Music that Combines Straus' Pattern-Completion and Associational Models with Selection Criteria Based on Cognitive Considerations

by YeaJin Kim

"In 1987 Joseph Straus provided four reasons why analytic methods for tonal music could not be applied equally to atonal music as tonal music and has since searched for appropriate methods by which one could explore superficial and large-scale internal interactions between selected pitch-class sets in tonal space that lacks tonality. Before this (at the beginning of the 1980s), Straus proposed the concept of pattern-completion, which provided for an interdisciplinary link between cognitive psychology and musical analysis. Although Straus' pattern-completion was obviously a significant concept—not only because it involved human's cognitive capacity, but also because it showed practical possibilities of connecting musical events that are far apart from one another by depending upon solid theoretical assumptions—it still awaited further logical and theoretical explanation. Straus later presented the associational model—in which tones interspersed in a large-scale tonal space could be interrelated through a specific pitch-class set—and finally established theoretical justifications for what he did in his earlier writings. However, the theoretical justification for pattern-completion and the reliable evidence regarding its analytic validity are still necessary and increase the need of subsequent research."

Preces speciales: Prototype of Tridentine Musical Reform

by Patrick Bergin Jr.

"The dissertation Jacobus de Kerle, Leben und Werke, by Otto Ursprung was published in Munich in 1913. In it, Ursprung reintroduced Jacobus de Kerle (1531/1532–1591), a nearly forgotten Franco-Flemish composer of the post-Josquin generation to the musical world. In 1926, Ursprung's edition of Kerle's Preces speciales, a set of polyphonic devotional responsoria written for the Council of Trent (1545–1563), was published in Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Bayern with a substantial preface. With these two works, Ursprung challenged the widely circulated legend that Palestrina's Missa Papae Marcelli was the piece that kept sacred polyphony from being banned by the musical reforms of the Council of Trent. Both of these publications date from nearly a century ago. Many later sources, including Lang's Music in Western Civilization, and Reese's Music in the Renaissance corroborate Ursprung's hypothesis that Kerle, not Palestrina, was the "saviour of church music." If this is the case, why are college undergraduates still taught about Palestrina and the Missa Papae Marcelli?"